• Brightline West: Los Angeles (Rancho Cucamonga station) - Las Vegas 2027
  • Lima airport new terminal: 2025
  • Eviation Alice: 2027
  • Tren Maya: 2023/2024


Skyscrapers with a height >500m. No more >500m building are being actively built. (China banned buildings higher than 500m, so there will a lot of 499m buildings in the future...)

Rank Name City Height (ms) Year
1 Burj Khalifa Dubai, UAE 828 2010
2 Merdeka 118 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 678.9 2022
3 Shanghai Tower Shanghai, China 632 2015
4 Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower Mecca, Saudi Arabia 601 2012
5 Ping An International Finance Centre Shenzhen, China 599.1 2017
6 Lotte World Tower Seoul, South Korea 554.5 2017
7 One World Trade Center NYC, US 541.3 2014
8 Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre Guangzhou, China 530 2016
9 Tianjin CTF Finance Centre Tianjin, China 530 2019
10 China Zun Beijing, China 527.7 2018
11 Taipei 101 Taipei 508 2004


  • Australia-Asia Power Link (2027): include the world's largest solar plant, the world's largest battery, and the world's longest submarine power cable. Export power from Australia to Singapore and Indonesia.
  • Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam: about 45 km east of the border with Sudan. The largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa. Max capacity 6.35 GW.

Dams along Jinsha River / Yangtze River:

Name Chinese Completion Capacity
Wudongde Dam 乌东德 2021 10,200 MW
Baihetan Dam 白鹤滩 2022 16,000 MW
Xiluodu Dam 向家坝 2014 6,448 MW
Xiangjiaba Dam 溪洛渡 2014 13,860 MW
Three Gorges Dam 三峡大坝 2012 22,500 MW


Planned new Capitals

  • Egypt Administrative Capital
  • Abuja: capital of Nigeria. Didn't exist until the 1980s, capital since 1991
  • Nusantara: Indonesia's new capital. On the island of Borneo, to be formed as a new province splitting from East Kalimantan. nusa (lit. 'islands') + antara (lit. 'outer') 'the outer islands' (from Java island perspective)
  • Brasília: founded in 1960. Moved the capital from Rio de Janeiro in 1960.
  • Canberra: Australia.

Planned / Smart Cities

  • Kilamba New City: near Luanda, Angola
  • Forest city in Malaysia
  • Linear city, Saudi
  • Lusail, Qatar: a host city of the 2022 FIFA World Cup. 23 km north of Doha.
  • Masdar City: a futuristic city in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
  • Sabah al-Ahmad Sea City in Kuwait
  • The International Business District (IBD) in Songdo, South Korea
    • $35 billion district — currently a work-in-progress about the size of downtown Boston — was designed to eliminate the need for cars.
    • A project that began in 2002, the area prioritizes mass transit, like buses, subways, and bikes, instead of road traffic, according to Stan Gale, the chairman of Gale International, the developer behind the IBD.


High Speed Rail

Read more: High-speed Rail

SGR in Africa

Read more: SGR in Africa

Mega Airports

  • China:
    • Hong Kong Airport (HKG) expansion (2024): 3rd runway and new concourse.
    • Guangzhou Baiyun Airport (CAN) expansion (2025)
  • South Korea:
    • Incheon Airport (ICN): Phase 4 to be completed by 2025. Expansion of Terminal 2, 4th runway.s
  • Vietnam:
    • Ho Chi Minh City: Long Thanh International Airport (2025)
  • Philippines:
    • New Manila International Airport (2026)
  • US:
    • LAX rennovation, people mover
    • EWR Terminal One (2022)
    • LGA retrofit (2022)
    • JFK redevelopment
    • SFO redevelopment
  • Mexico:
    • Felipe Ángeles International Airport: the second airport serving the Mexico City metropolitan area.
  • Singapore:
    • Changi Airport (SIN) Terminal 5

Sea Ports

  • Lamu Port, Kenya.
  • Bagamoyo Port, Tanzania. Planned be the largest port in East Africa when completed. Maybe cancelled.


Gwadar Port, a deep water seaport in Pakistan, the port was officially leased to China for 43 years, until 2059. (

Miami Cruise Port


Economic Corridor



  • Panama Canal
    • Max ship size is called "Panamax"
    • Expansion finished in 2016. Max ship size "Neopanamax"
    • Ships that do not fall within the Panamax-sizes are called post-Panamax or super-Panamax.
  • Suez Canal
    • Height is limited by the Suez Canal Bridge.
    • the canal has no locks.
    • Suezmax dimensions are greater than both Panamax and New Panamax
    • New Suez Canal finished in 2016, increasing the capacity of the Suez Canal from 49 to 97 ships a day.
Panamax Neopanamax Suezmax
Tonnage 52,500 DWT 120,000 DWT 160,000 DWT
Length 289.56 m 366 m 400 m
Beam 32.31 m 51.25 m 77.5 m
Height 57.91 m 57.91 m 68 m
Draft 12.04 m 15.2 m 20.1 m
Capacity 5,000 TEU 14,000 TEU
Opened 1914 2016

Science Projects


FAST: Five hundred meter Aperture Spherical Telescope. Or 天眼. The world's largest filled-aperture radio telescope.


Arecibo Observatory, built in 1963, the largest single-aperture telescope before 2016. Who took the throne? (Map:


The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory. This is the one in Livingston, near New Orleans.

The other LIGO Observatory in Hanford, WA.